Layout Types

  1. Describe the basic layout types.
  2. List the main advantages and disadvantages of product layouts and process layouts.

Process Layout

Process layout is recommended for batch production. All machines performing similar type of operations are grouped at one location in the process layout e.g., all lathes, milling machines, etc. are grouped in the shop will be clustered in like groups. Thus, in process layout the arrangement of facilities are grouped together according to their functions. The flow paths of material through the facilities from one functional area to another vary from product to product. Usually the paths are long and there will be possibility of backtracking.

Product Layout

In this type of layout, machines and auxiliary services are located according to the processing sequence of the product. If the volume of production of one or more products is large, the facilities can be arranged to achieve efficient flow of materials and lower cost per unit. Special purpose machines are used which perform the required function quickly and reliably.

Fixed Position Layout

This is also called the project type of layout. In this type of layout, the material, or major components remain in a fixed location and tools, machinery, men and other materials are brought to this location. This type of layout is suitable when one or a few pieces of identical heavy products are to be manufactured and when the assembly consists of large number of heavy parts, the cost of transportation of these parts is very high.

Solved Example:

9018-01

Which of the following type of layout is suitable for automobile manufacturing concern? (RRB JE CBT II ME Sep 2019 Shift II)

Correct Answer: A

Solved Example:

9018-02

Which of the following layout is useful when the product being processed is very big, heavy or difficult to move? (BPSC AE Paper VI Mech 2019)

Correct Answer: A

Solved Example:

9018-03

Product layout is also known as: (NPCIL SA/ST ME GJ Nov 2019, Shift-I)

Correct Answer: B

Solved Example:

9018-04

_______ is the main drawback of product layout. (UPRVUNL JE ME Oct 2021 Shift I)

Correct Answer: B

Solved Example:

9018-05

Which of the following type of layout is suitable for automobile manufacturing concern? (RRB JE CBT II Sep 2019 Shift II)

Correct Answer: A